Total Concentration of Mind - Three States of Samadhi
A true Yogi (yoga practitioner) is one who has acquired self-knowledge and through continuous practice and detachment has been able to rest in true self, so firmly. that he seldom slips down from it.
Samadhi is the state where one realiszes the true self or soul. When true self is realized everything is realized.
There are three kinds of Samadhi - Samprajnata (conscious), Asamprajnata (supraconscious) and Jad a(inert).
Let us first see what Samprajnata Samadhi is. Patanjali describes: Samprajnata is achieved by following argument (vitarka), analysis (vichara), bliss (ananda) and egoism (asmita) (I.17).
When a Yogi turns away from all those things that are either seen or heard of, he begins to think about himself, like - who am I; why I am here; what to do here; what this world (samsara) is; who is God and where does He live.
In this way, many arguments (vitarka) appear in his mind. In order to know the truth he reads scriptures, listens to wise people and starts analyzing (vichara) what he learned. A true analyst always ends up with the truth.
Upanishads have glorified human beings and soul (atman). Atman has been described as Brahman, the ultimate reality. So after right analysis when a Yogi finds out that he, himself, is that glorified super being, he feels the bliss (ananda). This develops egoism (asmita) in him, as there is none greater than him. In this way, and with these thoughts, a Yogi enters into Samadhi and realizes himself. This is the Samprajnata (conscious) Samadhi.
Then comes the Asamprajnata (supraconscious) Samadhi. When a Yogi enters into Samadhi regularly, he becomes so much adept in this practice that he no longer thinks about practice, detachment or true self. All of these become part and parcel of his body and mind. Whenever he wishes he enters into Samadhi.
Patanjali describes Asamprajnata Samadhi as: The state where practice for controlling of thoughts remains merely as memory (samskara), becomes Asamprajnata Samadhi which is other than the Samprajnata Samadhi (I.18).
In this state, thoughts, controlling of thoughts, practice and detachment; all these things remain as memory or impression. One only feels the bliss of true self. This state cannot be described adequately.
Now let us see what Jada (inert) Samadhi is. In both the Samprajnata and Asamprajnata Samadhi, consciousness is never lost. These are such states where one is waking and fully conscious. A conscious being should not try to become unconscious at any state.
However, many people try to enter into Samadhi, unconsciously. They remain unconscious for several hours/days. This is Jada (inert) Samadhi.
Patanjali describes: The state of unconsciousness (videha) and disappearing into the material world (prakritilaya) is due to the act of inertness (bhava) (I.19).
Unconsciousness is the state where one is not aware of one's own body, mind or self. It is like entering into a comatic state. One disappears into the material world and becomes as good as or as bad as matter.
So instead of trying to become a material thing, one should try to become more conscious, gracious, blissful and intelligent. Unconsciousness is a disease in Samadhi.
One who thinks that soul is separate from and inferior to God, one cannot realize one's true self and enter into Samadhi. Only a Yogi who knows that soul is not different from God, may enter into Samadhi.
For this Patanjali instructs: By bearing (pranidhan) God (Ishvara) in oneself (I.23). One should bear God in one's heart or deeper mind. For most people it may seem highly improbable, because how can God be carried in one's heart. For this Patanjali dscribes who God Is.
Any human being (purushavishesh) who has separated himself from those evil thoughts which generate such fruits of action that give pain is God (Ishvara) (I.24).
So one is God who has dispelled all evil thoughts from the mind. Evil thoughts may be controlled when one realizes that soul is God and when one bears Godliness qualities in himself. By this, he transforms himself from a mere mortal being to God.
Krishna, Buddha, Jesus and Mohammad were all God. They had imbibed all those divine attributes which people believe to exist in God. All these divine attributes emanates from soul (atman), for this the aim of Yoga - to realize true self
Author Premansu Chand,40, is an Indian and Govt. servant. In his leisure he reads scriptures and practices Yoga. He has published a book 'Quest for Truth; the spiritual and yogic way' to spread true spiritualism and Yoga. ---- http://www.bookstobelievein.com/
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